The city of El Rocio is located in the center of Donana Park in the province of Huelva and is located between the coast and Almonte. This is mainly the city of pilgrimage.
All towns, villages and villages in Andalucia have their own pilgrimage to either the patron saint or the virgin or the local people they love the most; El Roc is no exception? However, the pilgrimage at El Roc? O is the most popular pilgrimage compared to other places in the region because it has a cult status. This is not only the most important but also the most colorful. Millions of people come for this pilgrimage not only from Spain, but also from distant places.
The history of the Cult begins in the 13th century. According to legend, a hunter from Almonte or Villamanrique found a statue of the Virgin Mary in Donana Park under a tree trunk. A small place of worship – the chapel was built at the location of the tree and became a place of pilgrimage. Initially service was only limited to this place. Fraternities from nearby cities began to come on pilgrimage during the 17th century and in the 19th century people from Cadiz, Seville, etc. Come on a trip that takes 4 days. Virgin del Rocio cult has become very popular nowadays and people from all over the world visit this place.
A large number of people come on pilgrimage to see the Virgin Dew statue that has existed since the 13th century. People who come on pilgrimage are known as rocieros.
The pilgrimage takes place on the 7th weekend after Easter before Pentecost Monday. Pilgrims arrive from Friday onwards and leave on Tuesday. Traffic in this period is very heavy. The true pilgrims avoid using the toll road; they followed the route that passed the toll road.
During the pilgrimage period
late May or early June – locals wear traditional clothing and prepare their chariots. Men wear wide-brimmed sun hats, gray or brown or black trousers and western-style boots. Women wearing flamenco dresses with fuller skirts.
There are pilgrims who travel the traditional way. They travel on horseback or in a beautiful gypsy style which is decorated with flowers and curtains tied so that people can get a glimpse of the interior. The cart is pulled by a pair of oxen.
People also use tractors for this trip. The rocieros and children usually sit on the side bench in the trailer. Some people travel in white caravans with air conditioning and running water.
Traditionally there are 3 routes traveled by pilgrims
Triana in Seville, Huelva in the west and Sanlucar de Barrameda in the south. Most of the brotherhood, regardless of where they came from, eventually joined one of these routes.